Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. There are several other women, like Betty Floyd, Mary Underhill and Sally Townsend, who were connected to the ring that historians have speculated were Agent 355. She is at least the tenth agent to have that number, dating back to the original Agent 355 who served under George Washington. The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring’s missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. Agent 355, a vital character in the DC series Y: The Last Man, claims to be a member of the clandestine (and centuries old) spy organization, the Culper Ring. What is known is that she was located in New York and at some point had contact with Major John Andre and Benedict Arnold. There is very little information out there about agent 355, and what is out there is often in conflict with other sources. Enter your email address below to receive periodic stories and content via email, © RevWarTalk • Community Guidelines • Privacy • Terms • [email protected]. The Culper Ring was George Washington ‘s clandestine spy network that operated in the streets of British occupied New York. From her post in New York City, she wrote a letter in invisible ink filled with essential intelligence, folded it and prepared it for its journey to the Washington office. So, who was this brave badass heroine? How one bizarre, obsessive toymaker changed the industry and became baseball’s bestseller, just for the hell of it. A page from the Culper Ring’s code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side by side with numerical representations. However, John Burke and Andrea Meyer have made a case for 355’s involvement in the spy ring using circumstantial evidence. Agent 355 was allegedly selected for service by Abraham Woodhull, the ring’s leader, who went by the alias Samuel Culper, Sr. To this day, the mysterious spy is credited as one of America’s first female undercover operatives and was integral to America’s wartime efforts. The father of the child, the lover of Agent 355, was said to be the lifelong bachelor Robert Townsend of Oyster Bay, known in the revolutionary spy business as Culper Jr. This story is based on various accounts of a female agent in the Culper Spy Ring during the Revolutionary War. To say that agent 355 was good at her job would be an understatement. So in 1775, when the Second Continental Congress chose Washington as commander in chief of the Contine… Whoever she was, despite pressure on the ring to reveal her identity, and historical inquiries into the past, Kilmeade describes the protection of her name as “watertight.”. We can’t leave the world of Revolutionary War New York behind without finally exploring one of its captivating mysteries — the identity of agent 355. In Turn, 355 is depicted as a former slave of Anna Strong working for British head of intelligence John André. The ring was also aided by a mysterious “Agent 355.” In the code used by the ring, this title simply meant “lady,” and nothing further was stated about her identity in official reports. What did Elizabeth Burgin and Agent 355 have in common?They disguised themselves as men so they could fight in the war.They organized colonial protests against the British.They used their literary skills to spread pro-Patriot propaganda.They worked as spies for the Continental Army. Agent 355. by Hannah Van Essen November 27, 2018 November 26, 2018. Little is known for sure about this mysterious lady, but speculation abounds. Portrait of Col. Benjamin Tallmadge, organizer of the Culper Ring, with his son William Tallmadge. Parents are increasingly adopting “smart” devices connected to the internet to monitor babies’ health, sleep and moods. Agent 355. Here’s how artists, techies and designers are f*cking with facial recognition in the pursuit of privacy. One theory is that she was part of a prominent Tory or Loyalist family, which would have granted her the ability to move through high society, mingling with political and military leaders stationed in New York. For example, in “Turn: Washington’s Spies” a character is based off of her. It operated in British-controlled New York City from 1778 to 1783. Howat says keeping the woman’s identity a secret might have been both calculated and necessary to “protect her in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War.”. It seems that Agent 355 met her untimely end in 1780, when she was finally captured by the British and died on a prison ship, the HMS Jersey, from severe maltreatment. Revolutionary Reads: Those Turbulent Sons of Freedom. They were so good at secrecy, that even today we are unsure of some of their agents. Howat says it’s even been suggested that 355 was more than one person, as according to the Culper Ring’s sophisticated encryption system, 355 was the generic code number for “lady.” Some even go so far as to suggest 355 was a random woman who gave the ring intelligence, but wasn’t formally connected to them. Little is known for sure about this mysterious lady, but speculation abounds. Keeping the woman’s identity a secret might have been both calculated and necessary. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. Researchers have discovered that e-cigs could modify the same immune response genes as cigarettes do, and then some. Garlic: so good for your health, so bad for your social life. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. The ship is notorious for its foul conditions and cruel treatment of prisoners. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. But I guess that’s why he asked me. RevWarTalk was started with the goal of being a positive and supportive online community for discussion of topics related to the American Revolutionary War. What is known is that she was located in New York and at some point had contact with Major John Andre and Benedict Arnold. Created by one of my favorite comics writers Brian K. Vaughan in his epic series Y: The Last Man, she was a secret agent for of the Culper Ring, a secret spy ring that grew out of the American Revolutionary War and conducts all sorts of shady covert ops. Regardless of whether or not she bore an heir, Agent 355’s legacy lives on. Her real identity is unknown. On Sunday, my son and I … ©2020 Audible Originals, LLC (P)2020 Audible Originals, LLC. He first learned to use on-the-ground information from Native Americans and deserting French soldiers during the French and Indian War. The covert activities began in 1778 and they were charged with reporting on the troop movements through New York. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Agent 355 was arrested and apparently died aboard one of the vile prison ships in New York harbor. Agent 355 (pronounced "three fifty-five" and sometimes referred to by the other characters as simply "three-fifty") is a secret agent with the Culper Ring, a mysterious United States government agency. Agent 355 is one of the first spies for the United States, but her real identity is unknown. C)They used their literary skills to spread pro-Patriot propaganda D)They worked as spies for the Continental Army. In ”Assassin’s Creed 3” there is also a character based off of her named “355”. If the story is to be believed, 355 was a great asset to the American bid for independence. 240 years of … It is believed that 355 was a member of a prominent Loyalist family, and within easy reach of British commanders. We only know her as “355… Answer: Both Elizabeth Burgin and Agent 355 were American women that participated in the American Revolutionary War helping the Patriots. Conspiracy theorists believe she might have given birth to a child on the ship before she died, but many historians debunk the theory, as the conditions on board were not favorable to a healthy pregnancy. She later gave birth to a boy, but allegedly died aboard the ship. Many historians it seems, discount the possibility of 355 in the Culper code referring to a specific person at all. Agent 355 is one of the first spies for the United States, but her real identity is unknown. She was captured in October of that year and held on the prison ship HMS Jersey, anchored off the American east coast at the time. It is believed that 355 was a member of a prominent Loyalist family, and within easy reach of British commanders. In Marie Benedict’s historical fiction account, Agent 355 does not live happily ever after, but she does manage to save her son. Benjamin had asked one thing of me: be invisible. Despite her anonymity, Agent 355 was pivotal in exposing Benedict Arnold’s treason, and she was responsible for the arrest of Maj. John André, the leader of British intelligence in New York. The sender? Kenna Howat, a historian at the National Women’s History Museum, says her wartime “contributions are largely undisputed,” noting that Woodhull wrote that Agent 355 “hath been ever serviceable to this correspondence” and could “outwit them all.” In his book, Covert Operations Management, Robert Almonte says that 355 was one of the Culper Ring spies who had “the most success.” In fact, after her service ended, the ring ceased to exist a few short years later. Brian Kilmeade investigates the mystery of America's first female spy in his book 'George Washington's Secret Six: The Spy Ring That Saved the American Revolution' Elizabeth Burgin participated by helping a large number of Patriots imprisoned by the British to escape the jails, while Agent 355 was a spy that leaked information from the British to the American Patriots. A lovestruck scavenger hunt for the legendary trees is just another romantic reason to visit St. As legalized sports gambling fast approaches, media houses and broadcasters are preparing to serve speculators data and insights. Advances in computing technology have flung open the door to countless possibilities for protein drug design. When Andre, in particular… Yet despite her bravery, her true identity remains unknown more than 200 years later. In George Washington’s Secret Six: The Spy Ring That Saved the American Revolution, Brian Kilmeade explores the possible identities of Agent 355. Despite being the spy who fingered Benedict Arnold, and helped in the arrest of Major John Andre to name a few, agent 355’s true identity is a mystery even to this day. The American Revolution was in full swing, and this correspondence would relay vital information to Gen. George Washington through the Culper Ring. The ring was named for the operational names of two of its “She represents all covert agents … whose true identities are never revealed and whose stories are never told, but who offer their service and their lives on behalf of their country,” writes Kilmeade. I laughed when he said that because it was so seemingly hilarious, a woman be anything but invisible? From the beginning of Washington’s meteoric rise, intelligence gathering helped shape his military career. At this point, Washington complained that the Culpers were a waste of money. When a top-secret weapon falls into mercenary hands, a wild card CIA agent joins forces with three international agents on a lethal mission to retrieve it, while staying a step ahead of a mysterious woman who's tracking their every move. This is a 1790 portrait by American painter Ralph Earl. Then, in the 1940s, its history took a fascinating twist when documentation of a secret female spy known only as "355" surfaced. Two hundred and twenty five years of research on the American Revolution has yielded little information on the enigmatic agent 355. Agent 355 is one of these. The search for that perfect cup had to start somewhere…. Type above and press Enter to search. Agent 355 (pronounced "three fifty-five", not "three-five-five", and sometimes referred to by the other characters as simply "three-fifty") is a secret agent who is part of the Culper Ring, a mysterious United States government agency.She is at least the tenth agent to have that number. [1] The number, 355, could be de-crypted from the system the Culper Ring used to mean "lady When Andre, in particular, was in New York, the Culper’s information came fast and furious, but when Andre was in the southern colonies with Sir Henry Clinton, the information slowed considerably. Agent 355 has become a part of popular fiction, being cited in Y: The Last Man from Vertigo Comics as an inspiration for a modern spy also called 355, and being included in Assassins Creed 3’s in-game database of historical facts, in which her information was critical in helping the protagonist in discovering the British plot to capture West Point. Like all covert government agents, her anonymity “does not diminish” her contribution, says Howat. Benedict is known for her historical fiction stories of women who changed history. These teams aren’t at the top of their sports. She did not die forever, though: you can spot Agent 355 in modern television shows, comics, and video games. However, several theories have been developed, ranging from claims that 355 must have been the already-known Anna Smith Strong to hypotheses about other relations of identified ring members. Others say that she did not really exist, that 355 was simply just a lady of acquaintance to Abraham Woodhull who was mentioned in passing and really no help to the Culpers at all. History rarely covers the role of women in war, but one of America’s first spies was female. The designation of 355 comes from a numerical code system created by Maj. Tallmadge. B)They organized colonial protests against the British. Directed by Simon Kinberg. The identity of the woman known solely as 355 has yet to be discovered. This leads historians to believe that 355 was one of the flock of females that surrounded Major Andre. History is written by a few winners, but made by countless unlucky geniuses and courageous losers. Agent 355 was the code name of a female spy during the American Revolution, part of the Culper Ring. Agent 355 is an unknown woman who worked as a spy who is thought to have a major role in exposing Benedict Arnold. Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_355. In December 1926, crime writer Agatha Christie engineered what remains her greatest mystery: her own unsolved disappearance. The Culper Ring was a consortium of spies put together in 1778 by Benjamin Tallmadge under Washington’s orders during the British occupation of New York City. The Culper reports then decayed significantly, even after Robert Townsend resumed spying. Agent 355 is one of the most enigmatic figures of the American Revolution, and after 200 years her identity is still unknown to us. One of the most popular theories, he writes, is that she was Anna Smith Strong, a Long Island judge’s daughter with ties to the Culper Ring. With Jessica Chastain, Lupita Nyong'o, Diane Kruger, Penélope Cruz. The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring's missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. Another theory says she was the common-law wife of Culper Ring operative Robert Townsend — or, if not, that he was in love with her. One such spy, known as Agent 355, remains a mystery but Abraham Woodhull wrote that she “hath been ever serviceable to this correspondence.” Even though women were not allowed to serve in the military, they found other ways to further their cause, … Regardless of whether or not she bore an heir, Agent 355’s legacy lives on. She is quite adept with firearms and her trademark weapon is a collapsible baton. Her real identity is unknown. The faceless but pivotal female spy known as Agent 355. Agent 355 heroically shaped history, but will never completely be a part of that history, compared to the names we study and revere. Like all covert government agents, her anonymity “does not diminish” her contribution, says Howat. There are some pretty badass Black women in comics, and Agent 355 is at the top of my list of favorites. Benedict Arnold revealed Agent 355 as a spy to the British after he escaped capture by American military forces in 1780. The road to the top is paved with toe shoes. It would have made her invisible, the last possible suspect in espionage. Culper Spy Ring, American intelligence organization that was put together and managed by Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. ==Career== The only direct reference to Agent 355 in any of the Culper Ring’s missives was from Abraham Woodhull (Samuel Culper Sr.), to General George Washington in 1778. Agent 355 was held aboard the notorious prison ship HMS Jersey in New York harbor, where conditions on those prison ships were so horrific that life expectancy was only a few months. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. “Agent 355” by Marie Benedict and narrated by Emily Rankin is an audible original production about a female spy in the late 1700’s. A)They disguised themselves as men so they could fight in the war. The number, 355, could be de-crypted from the system the Culper Ring used to mean “lady.”( African American chemist Percy Julian was a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs such as cortisone, steroids and birth control pills. Press Esc to cancel. There was even a real-life Agent 355. Based on true events, Agent 355 combines adventure, romance, and espionage to bring to life this little-known story of a hero who risked her life to fight for freedom against all odds. 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