At the time Morgan was a young lawyer involved in forming “The Grand Order of the Iroquois”, a fraternity of young white men from Upstate New York who romanticized their image of the American Indian and wanted to model their group after “Iroquois“ ideals. Ely had a classical education at a missionary school, was fully bilingual, and went … Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), (born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa) was a Native American of the Seneca nation who was an attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat.He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, where he served as adjutant to General Ulysses S. Grant.He wrote the final draft of the Confederate … One such individual was Parker, who early in life determined to live and succeed in the white world. |  Developed by Belstar Media, Garret Johnson – The Galena African-American Heritage Foundation, Toys through Time: Holiday Antique Toy Show, Galena River Wine & Cheese 2nd Annual Portfolio Tasting. Shortly after Grant took office as president in March 1869, he appointed Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Ely S. Parker (1828-1895) was the first Native American commissioner of Indian affairs. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. A biography and a history of Ely Samuel Parker or Ha-sa-no-an-da, a Seneca Indian of pure lineage, born in 1828 near Indian Falls, town of Pembroke, Genesee County, New York. Later in his career, Parker rose to the rank of brevet brigadier general. According to the article Ely S. Parker rose to the rank of Brigadier General during the War. Prior to the narrative, Bruchac, who is of Abenaki ancestry, discusses how Native American stereotypes taught in school differed from his … Parker was born in 1828 as the sixth of seven children to William and Elizabeth Parker, of prominent Seneca families, at Indian Falls, New York (then part of the Tonawanda Reservation). Beginning in 1847, Ely Parker continued his education with the thought that he would become a lawyer by "reading of the law" in the offices of Angel and Rice in Ellicottville, New York, north of the Allegany Reservation. He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. 211 South Bench Street, Galena, IL 61036, © 2018 Galena History Museum  |  All Right Reserved. Under his leadership, the number of military actions against Indians were reduced and there was an effort to support tribes in their transition to lives on reservations. The chapters on Ulysses Grant are especially interesting. [1] He was named Ha-sa-no-an-da and later baptized Ely Samuel Parker. Ely S. Parker was a Seneca Indian born in 1828 on the Tonawanda Indian Reservation in western New York. 1828 – August 31, 1895. The relationship proved important for both men; as Parker helped Morgan become an anthropological pioneer, Morgan helped Parker make connections in the larger white-dominated society he later had to work and live in. Parker lived his last years in poverty, dying in Fairfield, Connecticut on August 31, 1895. [13] On January 20, 1897, his body was exhumed and reinterred at Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo, New York. When Ulysses S. Grant became commander of the Military Division of the Mississippi, Parker became his adjutant during the Chattanooga Campaign. 253, ante, 420), "Ely Parker - Chief, Lawyer, Engineer, and Brigadier General", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, National Park Service: Ely Parker- A Real American", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ely_S._Parker&oldid=1002037641, American lawyers admitted to the practice of law by reading law, Burials at Forest Lawn Cemetery (Buffalo), Native American United States military personnel, Native Americans in the American Civil War, People of New York (state) in the American Civil War, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Parker's career and impact on contemporary Native Americans is described in Chapter 8 of, He is said to have helped found the town of, Parker is featured as a character in the novels, Michaelsen, Scott. As a supervisor of government projects in Galena, Illinois, he befriended Ulysses S. Grant, forming a strong and collegial relationship that was useful later. He again became the military secretary to Grant, with the rank of colonel, as the senior officer completed his appointment as commanding general of the U.S. Army. • Armstrong, William H. Warrior in Two Camps. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. Parker was present when Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865. He was named Ha-sa-no-an-da and later baptized Ely Samuel Parker. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. Ely S. Parker (1828-1895) was the first Native American commissioner of Indian affairs. Parker became the chief architect of President Grant's Peace Policy in relation to the Native Americans in the West. As an engineer, Parker contributed to upgrades and maintenance of the Erie Canal, among other projects. Parker really delivers with this book on Seneca Indian Chief and Union Civil War General Ely S. Parker. He was commissioned a lieutenant colonel during the American Civil War, when he served as adjutant and secretary to General Ulysses S. Grant. What began as a curiosity would later become a lifelong vocation as his innate winemaking talent revealed itself. Realizing the significance of the law to his future and that of his people, he turned his attention in that direction. And so ended an incredible career. Parker began his career in public service by working as an interpreter and diplomat for the Seneca chiefs in their negotiations with the United States government about land rights and treaty rights. When Grant was elected president, he appointed Parker as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the first Native American to hold that post. His parents strongly supported education for all their children, including Spencer Houghton Cone Parker, Nicholson Henry Parker, Levi Parker, Caroline (Carrie) Parker, Newton Parker, and Solomon Parker. Gen. John Eugene Smith. [6]. See also Ely S. Parker on Wikipedia, and our Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography disclaimer. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. [2]One of his elder brothers, Nicholson Parker, also became a prominent Seneca leader as he was a powerful orator, much like the family’s famous relation Red Jacket had been. The Senecas were one of the tribes of the great Iroquois Confederation called the Six Nations. Oct 28, 2013 - The life of Ely Parker. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography Parker, Ely Samuel. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds. Ely Samuel Parker (1828 – August 31, 1895), born Hasanoanda, later known as Donehogawa, was a Tonawanda Seneca U.S. Army officer, attorney, engineer, and tribal diplomat. He was elected a Veteran Companion of the New York Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, a military society of officers of the Union armed forces and their descendants. It was a short-lived career, however, for after but two years he was charged with the misuse of federal funds. Many had chosen to adopt the ways of the whites, hoping in this manner to improve their situation. During the Civil War, Parker, a close friend and colleague of General Ulysses S. Grant, served the Union cause and penned the final copy of the Confederate army's surrender terms at the Appomattox Courthouse in 1865. Ely and Minnie Parker's only child was born August 14, 1878 in Fairfield, Connecticut. After the Civil War, Parker was commissioned as an officer in the 2nd United States Cavalry on July 1, 1866. Through his social connections, Parker received an appointment to the Board of Commissioners of the New York Police Department's Committee on Supplies and Repairs. The author unveils some little-known information about Grant and his relationship with Parker. To the astonishment of many, he married a white woman young enough to be his daughter, Minnie Sackett. Gen Ely Samuel Parker Original name: Ely Donehogehweh Memorial# 3603; Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, Erie County, New York, USA Plot: Section 12, Lot 1, - - - - - Find A Grave; The Life of General Ely S. Parker: Last Grand Sachem of the Iroquois and General Grant's Military Secretary by Arthur Caswell Parker - Buffalo Historical Society, 1919 - Buffalo (N.Y.) - 346 pages Biography… [7] With Morgan's help, Parker gained admission to study engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. However, I went looking and found this Native American site which states: "He served with Grant from Chattanooga to Appomattox, where he wrote in duplicate the terms of Gen. Robert E. Lee's … Edition of 1900. His … He helped draft the surrender documents, which are in his handwriting. In Ulysses S. Grant: Grant’s presidency. He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender … Find more information about: OCLC Number: 276294221: Reproduction Notes: … He quotes several letters that Parker wrote in later years, complaining that Grant had dumped him and that Grant's wife was … Both of his parents were of prominent Seneca families; while his father was a miller by trade and a Baptist minister,[2] he was also respected as a Tonawanda Seneca chief who had fought for the States in the War of 1812. Ely S. Parker was born to a prominent Seneca family on an Indian reservation near New York, and to many was considered a man between two worlds.

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